openstack N版对接ceph jewel版

环境

网络配置:

public_network cluster_network
控制节点/ceph-mon 192.168.4.6 192.168.3.5
ceph-osd1 192.168.4.12 192.168.3.9
ceph-osd2 192.168.4.8 192.168.3.7

硬件配置:
ceph-mon
cpu:4核
内存:4G

ceph-osd1
cpu:4核
内存:4G
硬盘:3块100G磁盘

ceph-osd2
cpu:4核
内存:4G
硬盘:3块100G磁盘
将selinux和firewalld关闭,或配置防火墙规则

配置软件源:
163 yum源
wget -O /etc/yum.repo/ CentOS7-Base-163.repo http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS7-Base-163.repo

配置epel源
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo

增加ceph源
vim /etc/yum.repos.d/ceph.repo

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[ceph]
name=ceph
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ceph/rpm-jewel/el7/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
[ceph-noarch]
name=cephnoarch
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ceph/rpm-jewel/el7/noarch/
gpgcheck=0

清理yum缓存
yum clean all
创建缓存
yum makecache
所有节点安装ceph
yum install ceph –y

开始部署

在部署节点安装我这里的是openstack的controller节点安装ceph-deploy,手动部署参考上一篇文章 http://www.bladewan.com/2017/01/01/manual_ceph/#more

yum install ceph-deploy –y

在部署节点创建部署目录
mkdir /etc/ceph
cd /etc/ceph/
ceph-deploy new control-node1
没有erro继续向下

此时目录下有
ceph.conf、ceph-deploy-ceph.log、ceph.mon.keyring

修改ceph.conf添加public_network和cluster_network,同时增加允许时钟偏移
vim /etc/ceph/ceph.conf

开始monitor
在controller上执行
ceph-deploy mon create-initial

……

部署目录多了以下文件

查看ceph状态
ceph -s
此时ceph状态应该是ERROR的
health HEALTH_ERR
no osds
Monitor clock skew detected

部署osd

ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd prepare ceph-osd1:/dev/vdb /dev/vdc /dev/vdd ceph-osd2:/dev/vdb /dev/vdbc /dev/vdd --zap-disk
部署完后查看ceph状态

查看osd tree

推送配置
ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf config push ceph-osd1 ceph-osd2

重启ceph进程
mon节点
systemctl restart ceph-mon@control-node1.service

osd节点重启
systemctl restart ceph-osd@x

查看public_network和cluster_network配置是否生效

根openstack对接

Ceph

创建pool
根据公式计算出每个pool的合适pg数

PG Number
PG和PGP数量一定要根据OSD的数量进行调整,计算公式如下,但是最后算出的结果一定要接近或者等于一个2的指数。
Total PGs = (Total_number_of_OSD * 100) / max_replication_count

例:
有6个osd,2副本,3个pool

Total PGs =6*100/2=300
每个pool 的PG=300/3=100,那么创建pool的时候就指定pg为128
ceph osd pool create pool_name 128
ceph osd pool create pool_name 128

创建3个pool
ceph osd pool create volumes 128
ceph osd pool create images 128
ceph osd pool create vms 128

创建nova、cinder、glance、backup用户并授权

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ceph auth get-or-create client.cinder mon 'allow r' osd 'allow class-read object_prefix rbd_children, allow rwx pool=volumes, allow rwx pool=vms, allow rwx pool=images'
ceph auth get-or-create client.glance mon 'allow r' osd 'allow class-read object_prefix rbd_children, allow rwx pool=volumes, allow rwx pool=vms, allow rwx pool=images'
ceph auth get-or-create client.nova mon 'allow r' osd 'allow class-read object_prefix rbd_children, allow rwx pool=volumes, allow rwx pool=vms, allow rwx pool=images'

生成keyring文件
控制节点

ceph auth get-or-create client.cinder | tee /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
ceph auth get-or-create client.glance | tee /etc/ceph/ceph.client.glance.keyring

修改文件属组
chown cinder:cinder /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
chown glance:glance /etc/ceph/ceph.client.glance.keyring

计算节点
ceph auth get-or-create client.cinder |tee /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
ceph auth get-or-create client.nova |tee /etc/ceph/ceph.client.nova.keyring
ceph auth get-or-create client.glance |tee /etc/ceph/ceph.client.glance.keyring

修改文件属组
chown cinder:cinder /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
chown nova:nova /etc/ceph/ceph.client.nova.keyring

在计算节点上生成uuidgen(所有计算节点用一个就可以)
uuidgen
f77169a0-7d56-4fc3-a436-35298081f9f9

创建secret.xml
vim secret.xml

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<secret ephemeral='no' private='no'>
<uuid>f77169a0-7d56-4fc3-a436-35298081f9f9</uuid>
<usage type='ceph'>
<name>client.nova secret</name>
</usage>
</secret>

导出nova的keyring

ceph auth get-key client.nova | tee client.nova.key

virsh secret-define –file secret.xml
virsh secret-set-value –secret f77169a0-7d56-4fc3-a436-35298081f9f9 –base64 $(cat client.nova.key )

查看secret-value

另外一台计算节点一样

修改openstack组件配置

glance

cp /etc/glance/glance-api.conf /etc/glance/glance-api.conf.bak
vim /etc/glance/glance-api.conf

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[DEFAULT]
...
show_image_direct_url = True
...
[glance_store]
stores=glance.store.rbd.Store
default_store = rbd
rbd_store_pool = images
rbd_store_user = glance
rbd_store_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_store_chunk_size = 8

重启glance-api和glance-registry
systemctl restart openstack-glance-api
systemctl restart openstack-glance-registry

cinder

cp /etc/cinder/cinder.conf /etc/cinder/cinder.conf.bak
vim /etc/cinder/cinder.conf

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enabled_backends = rbd
[rbd]
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.rbd.RBDDriver
rbd_pool = volumes
rbd_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_flatten_volume_from_snapshot = false
rbd_max_clone_depth = 5
rbd_store_chunk_size = 4
rados_connect_timeout = -1
glance_api_version = 1
rbd_user = cinder
rbd_secret_uuid = f77169a0-7d56-4fc3-a436-35298081f9f9
volume_backend_name = rbd

重启cinder-api、cinder-schedule、cinder-volume

systemctl restart openstack-cinder-api
systemctl restart openstack-cinder-volume
systemctl restart openstack-cinder-scheduler

nova

修改nova-compute
cp /etc/nova/nova.conf /etc/nova/nova.conf.bak
修改nova.conf
添加如下配置

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[libvirt]
virt_type = qemu
images_type = rbd
images_rbd_pool = vms
images_rbd_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_user = nova
rbd_secret_uuid = f77169a0-7d56-4fc3-a436-35298081f9f9
live_migration_flag="VIR_MIGRATE_UNDEFINE_SOURCE,VIR_MIGRATE_PEER2PEER,VIR_MIGRATE_LIVE,VIR_MIGRATE_PERSIST_DEST,VIR_MIGRATE_TUNNELLED

重启nova-compute
systemctl restart openstack-nova-compute

测试

glance

上传镜像,在ceph pool中查看是否存在
openstack image create "cirros" --file cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare –public

存在说明对接正常

cinder

在控制台创建个云硬盘,创建成功后在ceph的volumes pool池中可以看见刚刚创建的云硬盘说明创建成功

nova

在控制台创建个云主记,创建成功后在ceph的vm pool池中可以看见刚刚创建的云主机说明创建成功